Here is a partial list of the tree species that Trees, Water & People plants in Central America and Haiti.
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Indigenous to Central and South America
The fruit is a good source of supplemental protein, carbohydrates, and minerals for livestock, especially during the middle of the dry season when other food is scarce.
Indigenous to Mexico, Brazil, and South America
The entire tree is used for a variety of medicinal purposes including coughs and colds, stomach pain, diarrhea, cholera, and kidney problems. It is used in Mexican folk medicine as a remedy for leprosy, diabetes, whooping cough, and syphilis.
Indigenous to Central America, the Caribbean, and South America
The leaves and fruits are frequently used as fodder for cows, horses, pigs, goats, and sheep. The fruit and nut are eaten by humans as well.
Indigenous from Mexico to Bolivia, Argentina, and the Caribbean
This tree is used for construction, furniture, musical instruments, flooring, living fences, and firewood.
Indigenous to Southeast Asia
This tree is high in vitamin C and has anti-parasitic and anti-bacterial properties. It is used to ease coughs, nausea, stomach cramps, flatulence, intestinal spasms, and also as a food source. It tolerates drought better than any other citrus fruit.
Indigenous to India and China
High in vitamin C, this tree is used to help relieve headaches, nausea, vomiting, and vertigo, and as a food source.
Indigenous to Ethiopia (cultivated in favorable regions of South America)
The seeds are roasted, ground, and brewed to make one of the most important beverages in the world. Dried, ripe seeds are used as a stimulant, nervine, and diuretic, acting on the central nervous system, kidneys, heart, and muscles. The coffee pulp and parchment is also used for manures and mulches, and is occasionally fed to cattle in India. The wood is also used for furniture.
Indigenous from Mexico to Brazil, Argentina, and most Caribbean islands
The wood has high value and regenerates quickly. In the Caribbean, the flowers provide a viscous white honey. In Mexico, a decoction of the leaves is used as a tonic for coughs and lung infections.
Indigenous to Australia (commonly planted throughout the tropics)
The leaves yield lemon-scented oil that is used in perfumery. The wood is good for saw-timber and is used for general construction.
Indigenous to South America
The wood is used as firewood because it produces very little smoke. Some species are also used in beekeeping for the large numbers of flowers it can produce in only a few weeks. It is resistant to pollution and often used as an ornamental tree.
Indigenous to the West Indies, Bahamas, Cuba and Central America
An excellent protein source for cattle fodder, it has a favorable reputation in land reclamation, erosion control, water conservation, reforestation, and soil improvement programs. In the Philippines, young pods are cooked as a vegetable. The wood is also used for fuel or charcoal.
Indigenous to India
The mango plays an important part in the diet and cuisine of many diverse cultures.
Indigenous to Mexico, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador
The wood is very versatile and can be used in general construction as well as firewood. It provides turpentine and calofonia and can be used as feedstock. It is also used for medicinal purposes and as an ornamental tree.
Indigenous to Mexico, El Salvador, Honduras, and Cuba. Also in Panama, Colombia, and Brazil.
It has been used for construction, woodwork, and fence poles. In El Salvador, it is also used for wagon axles. The flowers are popular with honeybees.
Indigenous to Mexico, Brazil and the Caribbean.
Popular for firewood and animal fodder, it is also used medicinally to combat fever, rheumatism, coughing, itching, and to improve digestive health.
Pacific Coast Mahogany
Indigenous to the Pacific coast of Mexico and Central America
The wood is used for various types of construction. The crushed bark, when soaked and cooked, is used to combat diarrhea and using the seeds in an infusion is used to relieve chest pains. Their abundant flowers are a nectar source for bees.
Indigenous to Malaysia (commonly cultivated in Belize, El Salvador, Costa Rica and Venezuela)
The fruit are used for a variety of foods ranging from jellies to wines.
Indigenous to South America
The seeds are used to make cocoa powder and chocolate. The pulp is used in some countries to prepare a refreshing juice.